People are becoming aware of their mental health nowadays. Circumstances are bringing into the limelight how much people’s mental health is deteriorating.
A sound and wholesome health revolves around physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual health. When one is corrupted, it affect others and messes the victim up.
Mental health is cognitive, behavioral, and emotional well-being. It is about how people think, feel, and behave. People sometimes use the term “mental health” to mean the absence of a mental disorder.
In this article, we will explain what people mean by mental health and mental illness. We will also describe the most common types of mental disorders, including their early signs and how to treat them.
What is Mental Health?
Mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability in the U.S.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her abilities. These abilities include coping with the normal stresses of life, can work productively, and can contribute to his or her community.
The WHO stresses that mental health is “more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.” Peak mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness.
They also emphasize that preserving and restoring mental health is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout different communities and societies the world over.
In the United States, the National Alliance on Mental Illness estimates that almost 1 in 5 adults experience mental health problems each year.
In 2017, an estimated 11.2 million adults in the U.S., or about 4.5% of adults, had a severe psychological condition, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Risk Factors for Mental Health Conditions
Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity.
In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability.
Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health.
A large proportion of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time.
It is important to note that good mental health depends on a delicate balance of factors and that several elements of life and the world at large can work together to contribute to disorders.
The following factors may contribute to mental health disruptions.
- Continuous social and economic pressure
- Having limited financial means or belonging to a marginalized or persecuted ethnic group can increase the risk of mental health disorders.
- The researchers also explained the difference in the availability and quality of mental health treatment for certain groups in terms of modifiable factors, which can change over time, and non-modifiable factors, which are permanent.
- Socioeconomic conditions, such as whether work is available in the local area
- A person’s level of social involvement
- Housing quality
- The NIMH suggests that genetic family history can increase the likelihood of mental health conditions.
Common Mental Health Disorders
The most common types of mental illness are as follows:
- Anxiety disorders
- Mood disorders
- Schizophrenia disorders.
Early Signs of Mental Illness
There is no physical test or scan that reliably indicates whether a person has developed a mental illness. However, people should look out for the following as possible signs of a mental health disorder.
- Withdrawing from friends, family, and colleague
- Avoiding activities that they would normally enjoy
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Eating too much or too little
- Feeling hopeless
- Having consistently low energy using mood-altering substances, including alcohol and nicotine.
- Displaying negative emotions
- Being confused
- Being unable to complete daily tasks, such as getting to work or cooking a meal
- Having persistent thoughts or memories that reappear regularly
- Thinking of causing physical harm to themselves or others
- Hearing voices
- Experiencing delusions
There are various methods for managing mental health problems. Treatment is highly individual, and what works for one person may not work for another.
Some strategies or treatments are more successful in combination with others. A person living with a chronic mental disorder may choose different options at various stages in their life.
The individual needs to work closely with a doctor who can help them identify their needs and provide them with suitable treatment.
Treatments can include:
- Psychotherapy, or talking therapies:
This type of treatment takes a psychological approach to treating mental illness. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, and dialectical behavior therapy are examples.
- Psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists, and some primary care physicians carry out this type of treatment. It can help people understand the root of their mental illness and start to work on more healthful thought patterns that support everyday living and reduce the risk of isolation and self-harm.
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